THE MYSTERIES OF TIWANAKU
TITICACA lake is located at 13000 feet above sea level. It is the world’s highest navigable lake. On its southern shores are the remains of two Pre-Colombian temples: TIWANAKU and PUMAPUNKU.
Despite the destruction that TIWANAKU has experienced since the fall of its culture, till the early 20th century, it is still considered the largest archaeological site in South America. TIWANAKU currently covers around 4 square kilometers and highlights include decorated ceramics, monumental structures and megalithic blocks.
In the local indigenous AYMARA language, TIWANAKU means «Navel at the Center», indicating a location believed by the locals to be at the center of the world and where the settlers were people described as god-like. Recent findings reveal that the name TIWANAKU is of Polynesian origin, which means: the receiver and the transmitter. Its name may have something to do with the belief that the monolith carved in the shape of an arch, called by the locals «the Gateway of the Sun», was used to communicate with other levels of reality, or maybe it was used as a portal to alternate dimensions. This megalithic structure, carved from a single piece of stone, measures approximately 9.80 feet tall and 13 feet wide and weighs roughly 10 tons.
The upper part of the gate has ornaments and beautiful carvings believed to possess astronomical and astrological significance. The decoration of the gate includes a depiction of the god Pachacamac holding twin serpents, one at each side. According to local traditions, the serpents represent the feminine and the masculine energies that flow around the earth and sustain life. The adjacent bird figures refer to the equinoxes and eclipses and other astrological information relevant at this location. Archaeologists have concluded that the information contained in this location resembles a giant calendar.
In 2013, marine archaeologists exploring the floor of Lake Titicaca´s Khoa reef discovered an ancient ceremonial site and found artefacts such as lapis lazuli and ceramic figurines, incense burners and ceremonial medallions. The artefacts are an indication of the abundance which must have dominated ceremonies of the TIWANKAJU culture.
Bolivia is considered a unique place in the world to visit due to its ancient culture, fantastic archaeological sites, the mysteries of the TITICACA Lake and the unique Uyuni Salt Lake.
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